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American Art Collaborative
The American Art Collaborative (AAC) is a consortium of fourteen US institutions—thirteen museums and one archive—working together to create a critical mass of Linked Open Data (LOD) around the subject of the visual arts in America.
The Yale Center for British Art has been an advisor to, and member of, the AAC early after the consortium’s formal establishment in 2014. For a full list of participating institutions, educational briefings, presentations, and general project background, visit AmericanArtCollaborative.org.
Thanks to generous support from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, and a leadership grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services, the AAC has converted over 230,000 museum object records to LOD.
Using the AAC Data
The URI construction for SPARQL queries of the AAC dataset is data.americanartcollaborative.org/sparql. The AAC invites developers to make use of this data in their applications and share their results with members of the consortium.
- Connect to the Center’s artist data using this URI schema: collection.britishart.yale.edu/id/person-institution/[ID]
- Example for Joseph Mallord William Turner: collection.britishart.yale.edu/id/person-institution/21
- Find an individual artist ID in the online collections search. The ID of an artist can be found both at the end of the URL and in the “Linked Open Data URI” link.
- Wherever possible, the Center has matched its constituents to ULAN (3,095 out of 5,498), which means that if you query for vocab.getty.edu/ulan/500026846 (ULAN’s identifier for Joseph Mallord William Turner) in the AAC SPARQL endpoint, it will return all results from the AAC dataset that contain Turner.
- Connect to the Center’s artwork data using this URI schema: collection.britishart.yale.edu/id/object/[object_number]
- You can find a link to the artwork’s data and its objectID in the online collections search. Hover over the accession number to gather the objectID.
Metadata and LOD from the AAC partners is freely available on GitHub, including:
View the Browse Application Prototype
To design and develop a usable application for exploring the collected data, the project established a Browse Working Group, involving six of the fourteen institutions and led by Design for Context, who developed a demonstration application, available at browse.americanartcollaborative.org.
The site allows objects and artists from across the fourteen partner institutions to be explored through one interface. This application is a prototype and is not meant to represent all the things that can be done with museum data in the future. Rather, it provides easy access to the available partner information and focuses on a few straightforward ways that data from the different institutions can be connected and explored.
Licensing and Usage Guidelines for the Center’s Data
The Center has licensed the use of its collections metadata under Creative Commons Zero (CC0). This license allows for reuse of the metadata without legal restriction. The Center provides hyperlinks as a means of referencing underlying image, multimedia, and authoritative content associated with the metadata. Please be aware that hyperlinked content is not part of the metadata being released and is not necessarily covered by the CC0 license.
The Center’s metadata references many of its own collection images. Digital images of works in the Center’s collection believed to be in the public domain are available for use, without restriction, through the Center’s Open Access Policy. Please see Using Images for more information.
• Where possible, give proper attribution by including the statement “Data Source: Yale Center for British Art” and by providing the URI for the object being referenced.
• Do not mislead others or misrepresent the metadata or its sources.
• Understand that data is used at your own risk.
AAC Next Steps
As a next step, the AAC is seeking additional funding to expand the application of LOD within the museum and archival communities. As more museums produce LOD, the AAC hopes that they will contact colleagues in this field, dialogue will ensue, and opportunities will increase to link or interconnect data, further demonstrating the value of LOD.
For questions or feedback about the Center’s data, contact Emmanuelle Delmas-Glass, Collections Data Manager at the Center (email@example.com | +1 203 432 8454).
For more information about AAC’s next steps, contact Eleanor E. Fink, Manager and Founder of the ACC (firstname.lastname@example.org).